***Active (Right Hand fingers)*** 1. Energy (viriya) – little finger 2. Generosity (dana) – ring finger 3. Moral conduct (sila) – middle finger 4. Determination (adhitthana) – index finger 5. Wisdom (paññā) – thumb
***Passive (Left hand fingers)*** 1. Equanimity (Upekkha) – little finger 2. Renunciation (nekkhamma) – ring finger 3. Loving-kindness (metta) – middle finger 4. Truthfulness (sacca) – index finger 5. Patience (khanti) – thumb
The aim of this chart is to be aware of our deeds/karma as it is being done. In our daily life we are not aware whether what we have done is good or bad karma. With the help of this chart we can see all the karma that we have done after it has been done, like taking intoxicant, speaking lies, etc. After practicing it for some time, we will be at least aware of our actions as they are being done. Awareness that we should change is important before we can change ourselves.
For practicing this figure is represented on the left palm, so that we can easily make markings on it with our right hand.(Left handed people can use this figure on right hand.).For attaining Nirvana, Buddha taught the Eight Fold Path, which is as under:
Sila: 1) Right Speech 2) Right Action 3) Right Livelihood
Samadhi: 4) Right Effort 5) Right Awareness 6) Right Meditation
Panna: 7) Right Thought 8) Right Understanding
With the help of the figure we can follow Sila and Samadhi aspects of attaining Nirvana. While Panna is left for the Second part of this Book, which will complete all aspects of attaining Nirvana.
The representations are as follows (Kindly re-read the details of each representation in previous chapters. Also see the figure as you read the rest of this chapter) :
The five fingers represent the five precepts or panchsheel (Ch.3).
The little finger (weaker finger): Represents – and reminds us from abstaining from killing or harming living beings.
The Ring finger (With costly ring on it): Represents – and reminds us from abstaining from stealing or taking what is not given.
The (notorious) Middle finger: Represents – and reminds us from abstaining from sexual misconduct.
The index finger (we use to ask someone to be quiet): Represents – and reminds us from abstaining from speaking lies, or speaking ill of others.
The thumb (Representing drink in Thumbs Up position): Represents – and reminds us from abstaining from taking any intoxicants that affects the normal functioning of our mind.
Three other precepts not represented are followed by monks (We should try these in addition to above precepts at least once in a week or fasting days.)
Abstaining from listening to music and other entertainment which affects our presence of mind.
Abstaining from taking high and cushioned seat which makes us lethargic.
Eating once a day but not after sunset, to maintain control on our greed.
The three phalanges of each finger represent Morality (Sila) in action, speech and thought. As karma or intentional actions (discussed in next Part of this Book) are performed in thought, speech and action, the five precepts are divided and represented into three by the phalanges. This is so that we do not neglect or give less importance to karma performed in either thought, speech or action. Also as it is very difficult to change our source of livelihood if it has already been chosen or we had no choice, it becomes important that we follow the precepts in thought, speech and action so we have control of our mind and make our livelihood better. Those who have yet to choose their livelihood should choose it wisely as it affects our whole life, our minds and our practice.
The outer part of the palm connected to the fingers is used to mark our awareness or mindfulness in daily life. The marks are made from outside to inside. The markings are done like hour mark on a clock. For each hour that we are aware we make a mark indicating we were aware at that time of the day. Also as we cannot properly represent a 24hr clock, we represent the marks with arrows pointing outwards as day for that hour and the same arrow pointing inwards as night and the mark having arrows at both ends as being aware for that hour both during day and night.
The circle in the center of palm shown in the figure is used to mark our meditation practice. A smaller circle is drawn for small period of meditation and large circle for longer period of meditation. Here again we draw another concentric circle for meditation done more than once during a day.
The long and bold arrows shown pointing from each finger towards center where we mark meditation is used to indicate the five hindrances that affect our meditation practice. These are
Sloth & Torpor (Laziness): This line is drawn from the little finger – the weaker finger, which does very little work than the other fingers.
Restlessness & Worry : This line is drawn from the ring finger, the diamond/golden ring in your finger giving you the cause for worry and restlessness.
Sensual pleasure: This line is drawn from the middle finger, this is again the notorious middle finger associated with sensual pleasure.
Ill-will: This line is drawn from the index finger, pointing to others, thinking evil of others.
Skeptical doubt: This line is drawn from the thumb. The thumb in up direction says ‘go ahead’ and the same in down direction says ‘it sucks’.